Which Countries Were Neutral During World War II?

Two days after Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany and World War II broke out. Dozens of countries, still recovering from the horrors of World War I, tried to stay neutral to avoid invasion and more bloodshed.

But a declaration of neutrality did little to insulate countries from the conflict if they were geographically desirable. “The fact that Norway’s coast straddles the North Sea has made it an area of ​​critical importance to both Britain and Germany,” says Dr David Woolner, professor at the Marist college and author of The Last 100 Days: FDR at War and Peace. “It was this fact which led to the German invasion of Denmark and Norway in April 1940, and the British decision to intervene in the neutral Danish territory of Iceland shortly thereafter.”

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