What Caused Ancient Egypt’s Decline?

Ancient Egyptian civilization reached the height of its power, wealth and influence in the New Kingdom period (1550 to 1070 BC), under the reigns of iconic pharaohs like Tutankhamun, Thutmose III and Ramses II, who may have been the biblical pharaoh of the Exodus story.

At its height, the Egyptian Empire controlled a vast territory stretching from modern Egypt to the northern Sinai Peninsula and the ancient land of Canaan (which encompasses modern Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan and southern parts of Syria and Lebanon).

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