West Point’s Critical Role in the American Revolution

Decades before the establishment of the United States Military Academy at West Point, the strategic plateau on the banks of the Hudson River in New York played a crucial role in American victory in the Revolutionary War.

Both British and Patriot forces understood the vital importance of the Hudson in winning the war. As the early colonial roads were difficult to cross, the river was a liquid highway to efficiently transport troops, artillery, food, and information during the American Revolution. If the British could seize the Hudson, they could separate New England from the rest of the rebel colonies and choke off the flow of troops and supplies.

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