Top 10 oldest monuments in Toulouse

The current location of the city of Toulouse has been occupied since the Lower Palaeolithic. An old lady who tells her story through several monuments, some of which are really very old. Overview of some of its historical sites… The goal here is not to list them all of course, but to highlight the main ones…

1. Neolithic village

Discovered in the 1960s by a certain Georges Simonet and then explored later, the Neolithic village known today as Saint-Michel-du-Touch was discovered at 12 chemin de la Flambère not far from the Gallo- Roman from Blagnac. An archaeological site in the city, notably composed of dwellings, built at the time around a pit.

2. Gallo-Roman rampart (year 30)

Located at 1, 3 rue Bida on Place Saint-Jacques, this incredible rampart, whose construction took place between the first (year 30) and the fourth century of our era, constitutes a precious historical testimony. The remains of the only Gallo-Roman enclosure built in bricks in all the territory. It is also believed that unlike other ramparts, established to defend the city, this one was more ornamental.

3. Gallo-Roman amphitheater of Blagnac (year 40)

Located in the Purpan district, near the town of Blagnac, this amphitheater is a real Toulouse treasure. One of the only almost complete vestiges of this period in the region. A site which was the subject of in-depth excavations from 1878, today managed by the Saint-Raymond Museum, where are also collected pieces discovered on the spot such as shards of goblets, a penknife handle having belonged to a gladiator , fragments of vases and small change that the Romans had to use for the coffee machine.

4. Foundry of Canons, currently Catholic Institute (Gallo-Roman period)

Part of the Gallo-Roman rampart is located under the rear facade of the Institute. This building which, over the years, therefore occupied several functions. And if cannons were once made there, today they teach literature, human sciences, law, theology and even philosophy.

5. Hauts-Murats tower and remains of adjoining Gallo-Roman ramparts (Gallo-Roman period)

Remains of the Roman enclosure built in the 4th century, with a miraculously intact tower on its lower floor, which was remodeled during the Middle Ages. The brick wall built by the Romans has been saved. In the Middle Ages when this tower was used to lock up heretics.

6. Old Larrey Hospital (1st century)

We are not talking here about the current Larrey hospital, on the heights of the city, but about the old one, on Saint-Pierre square, whose rampart, with its curtain wall and its two circular towers, dates from the first century of our time. Experts have dated its construction to the end of the reign of Augustus. The ancient building that can be seen leaning against the rampart can date from 250 AD.

7. Old Church of Saint-Pierre-des-Cuisines (4th century)

Built on a necropolis, this church is the oldest in southwestern France. Modified several times over the centuries, it contains an archaeological crypt where the remains of an early Christian basilica from the 4th century and a pre-Roman church are presented.

8. Basilica of Saint-Sernin (4th century)

Ranked among the largest Roman churches in Europe, this emblematic basilica was built from the 4th century to house the relics of Saint Saturnin, the first bishop of Toulouse who became a martyr in 250. The building as we can see it today today having developed on this basis. A high place of tourism in Toulouse.

9. Tour Maurand (12th century)

Located on the site of the University of Free Time, formerly Collège du Périgord, at 56 rue du Taur, not far from the Capitol, this tower houses two superimposed rooms. It is estimated that its construction took place during the 12th century.

10. Capitol City Hall (1190)

Seat of municipal power and emblem of the pink city, the Capitol is an old man more than eight centuries old. Nevertheless, the Capitol as we know it today really took shape in the 17th century.

Without forgetting the church of Saint-Nicolas, the former royal treasury, the former convent of the Jacobins, that of the Augustins or even the cathedral of Saint-Étienne… In short, Toulouse is full of treasures! And if you are thinking of moving there, here are our tips for integrating well in Toulouse. If, on the other hand, you prefer big lolerie, we have the best memes in Toulouse for you.

Source: Wikipedia, Monumentum

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