The Blitz begins as Germany bombs London

On September 7, 1940, 300 German bombers attacked London, during the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing. This “blitzkrieg” (lightning war) bombardment continued until May 1941.

After the successful occupation of France, it was only a matter of time before the Germans turned to England across the Channel. Hitler wanted a submissive and neutralized Britain so that he could focus on his plans for the East, namely the ground invasion of the Soviet Union, without interference. Since June, English ships in the English Channel have been attacked and air battles have taken place over Britain as Germany tried to exhaust the Royal Air Force in anticipation of a ground invasion. But as Germany failed to cripple British air power, especially during the Battle of Britain, Hitler changed his strategy. A land invasion was now ruled out as unrealistic; Instead, Hitler chose pure terror as his weapon of choice.


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