Rosa Parks Refuses to Give Up Her Seat

In Montgomery, Alabama, on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation of the city’s racial segregation laws. The successful boycott of the Montgomery buses, organized by a young Baptist pastor named Martin Luther King, Jr., followed Park’s historic act of civil disobedience.

Watch Rosa Parks: Mother of a Movement on HISTORY Vault

“The mother of the civil rights movement,” as Rosa Parks is known, was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1913. She worked as a dressmaker and in 1943 joined the Montgomery chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( NAACP).

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