Pennsylvania – HISTORY

One of the original 13 colonies, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a refuge for his fellow Quakers. Pennsylvania’s capital, Philadelphia, was the site of the First and Second Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775, the latter producing the Declaration of Independence, sparking the American Revolution.

After the war, Pennsylvania became the second state, after Delaware, to ratify the US Constitution. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Pennsylvania was the site of the Battle of Gettysburg in which Union General George Meade defeated Confederate General Robert E. Lee, ending the invasion of the North by the Confederacy, as well as Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address. .

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