OTET Syllabus 2023 For Paper 2 Topics Subject Child Development & Pedagogy

Unit 1- Child Development (Focus on Upper Primary School Children)

  • Features of Physical, Cognitive, Social, Emotional & Moral development
    during pre-adolescence and adolescence
  • Effect of Heredity and Environment on development
  • Needs and problems of adolescents
  • Individual differences among learners

Unit 2- Learning

  • Learning as meaning-making knowledge and construction
  • How children learn – observation, initiation, trial, error, experience
  • Learning as a social activity
  • Rote learning and meaningful learning
  • Factors affecting learning
  • Strategies for promoting lessons
  • Addressing learners from a diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged
    and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties and impairment
  • Addressing the talented, creative and specially-abled learners

Unit 3- Curriculum Teaching-Learning Approaches and Evaluation

  • Teacher-centred, learner-centred and learning-centred approaches
  • Principles of curriculum organization
  • Teaching learning aids
  • Continuous comprehensive assessment of learning, planning and designing
    achievement tests, rating scale, checklist
  • Test reliability and validity
  • Date representation – mean, mode and median and standard deviation
Language-I (Odia/ Urdu/ Hindi/ Telugu/ Bengali)


Unit 1- Learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali at Upper Primary Level

  • Aims and objectives of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali as a
    first language
  • Principles of teaching mother tongue
  • Development of language skills (speaking, reading, writing and listening)

Unit 2- Teaching Language

  • Intensive and Extensive reading skills at the upper primary level
  • Teaching of non – detailed and detailed texts (prose, poetry)
  • The teaching of composition and creative writing
  • Teaching of grammar
  • Challenges of teaching Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali in multi – lingual

Unit 3- Assessment of Language

  • Assessment of learning Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali language – listening,
    speaking, reading and writing
  • Planning and designing achievement tests and other tools for assessment


Unit 4- Elements of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu / Bengali Language

  • Comprehension of two unseen passages (one from prose/drama and the other
    from the poem) with test items on comprehension, vocabulary and grammar.

Unit 5- Language Items

  • Parts of speech (noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjectives, conjunction)
  • Formation of words (pre-fix and suffix)
  • Vocabulary (spelling and meaning of synonyms and antonyms)
  • Phrases and idioms

Unit 6- Contribution of famous literates for development of Odia / Urdu / Hindi / Telugu /
Bengali language

  • Odia – Fakir Mohan Senapati, Gangadhar Meher, Radhanath Ray, Surendra Mohanty,
    Gopinath Mohanty
  • Urdu – Altaf Hussain Hali, Niaz Fatepuri, Ali Sardar Jafri, Amir Khusroo, Majrooh
  • Hindi – Bharatendu Harischandra, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedy, Prem Chand,
    Jayashankar Prasad, Suryakanta Tripathy Nirala
  • Bengali – Rabindra Nath Tagore, Sarat Chandra Chhatopadhya, Tarasankar
    Bandopadhyay, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bibhuti Bhusan Bandopadhyay
  • Telugu – Srinanthadu, Gurajuda Appa Rao, Kandukuri Veeresalingam,
    Arudra, C. Narayan Reddy
Language II (English)


Unit 1- Learning English at Upper Primary Level

  • Importance of learning English
  • The objective of learning English

Unit 2- Development of English Language Skills

  • Basic skills of language (listening, speaking, reading, writing), the
    interdependence of skills
  • The teaching of prose, poetry and composition
  • The teaching of creative writing
  • Principles of language teaching
  • Challenges of teaching English as a second language at the upper primary level

Unit 3- Assessment of learning the English Language

  • Assessment of comprehension and language skills (listening, speaking, reading
    and writing)


Unit 4- Comprehension

  • Two unseen passages (one from prose/drama and another from poem) with
    questions on comprehension, grammar)

Unit 5- Language Items

  • Parts of speech, tense, voice change and change of narration, use of an article,
    use of punctuation mark
  • Vocabulary – meaning and spelling


Unit 1- Mathematics at Upper Primary Stage

  • Nature of Mathematics – logical, systematic,
    abstractions, pattern, mathematical language
  • Aims and objectives of teaching Mathematics
  • Specific objectives of teaching Mathematics

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches to Teaching –
Learning Mathematics

  • Methods: induction, deduction, analysis and synthesis
  • Approaches: Constructivist and activity-based

Unit 3- Evaluation in Mathematics

  • Formal and informal evaluation
  • Error analysis
  • Remedial and enrichment programmes


Unit 4- Number System

  • Number System (focus on real and rational numbers)
  • Properties in different number systems

Unit 5- Algebra

  • Basic concepts: terms, coefficient, powers
  • Algebraic equations and their applications (with one variable)
  • Polynomials – operations in polynomials
  • Laws of indices
  • Identities

Unit 6- Commercial Arithmetic

  • Percentage and its application (profit and loss, simple
    and compound, interest, banking, rebate)
  • Ratio and proportion
  • Variation and its application
  • Square, square root, cube, cube root of natural numbers

Unit 7- Shapes and Spatial Relationship

  • Triangles and Quadrilaterals
  • Angles, complementary and supplementary angles,
    opposite angles, exterior angles of the triangle
  • Angle sum property
  • Parallel lines and properties relating to parallel lines
  • Congruency and similarities
  • Menstruations (area and circumference of circle,
    higher-order problems relating to area of square,
    triangle, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezium,
    Pythagorean theorem)


Unit – 1 : – Nature of Science

  • Aims and objectives of teaching-learning science at the upper primary stage

Unit – 2 : – Methods and Approaches

  • Methods: Observation, Experimentation, Discovery, Project and Problem – solving
  • Approaches: Integrated approach, constructivists approach

Unit – 3 : – Evaluation in Science

  • Tools and techniques for assessing learning in Science


Unit – 4 : – Physical Science

  • Metal, non – metal and metalloid
  • Elements and compounds
  • Symbol, valence and chemical equation
  • Acid, base and salt
  • The physical and chemical changes in matters
  • Force, motion, friction, and pressure in solid, liquid and gases
  • Electricity and current chemical effects of electric current
  • Refraction and reflection of light
  • Solar system and planets

Unit – 5 : – Life Science

  • Biological adaptation among living beings
  • Respiration and transpiration
  • Soil and forest resource
  • Cell structure and function of cell organelle
  • Micro-organisms
  • Adolescence in human beings
Social Studies


Unit 1- Aims and Objectives of Teaching Social Studies

  • Importance of teaching-learning Social Sciences at the upper primary stage
  • Aims and objectives of teaching-learning Social Sciences
  • Specific objectives of teaching-learning Social Science

Unit 2- Methods and Approaches

  • Methods: Survey, fieldwork/trips, project, group work
  • Approaches: Activity – based, theme-based

Unit 3- Evaluation in Social Science

  • Tools and technique for assessment of learning in Social Science
  • Diagnostic assessment and remedial teaching


Unit 4- History and Political Science

  • Methods of historical studies, social, economic and political conditions of the
  • sultanate, Moghul and British period
  • Slave, Khiligi, Tughlaq, Lodi Dynasty
  • East India Company, British Crown, Impact of British rules, Ancient period,
  • Kharabela, Ashoka
  • Soma, Garganga, Surya, fall of Odisha, Odisha under Moghuls
  • The nationalist movement in India
  • Development of Nationalism and Europe

Unit 5- Political Science

  • Indian Constitution
  • Human Rights
  • Governance at the Central, State and Local level
  • Political Parties and pressure groups

Unit 6- Geography

  • Odisha Geography – physical features, climate, agriculture and industry
  • Natural resources (land, water, forest and wild animals, minerals)
  • Atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere
  • Earth – crust, internal structure, landscape (hills and mountains, plateau,
  • plains, rivers)
  • Temperature zones of the earth

By Arumugam

Ganesan Arumugam is a seasoned journalist with a passion for uncovering stories that resonate with readers worldwide. With a keen eye for detail and a commitment to journalistic integrity, Ganesan has contributed to the media landscape for over a decade, covering a diverse range of topics including politics, technology, culture, and human interest stories.