Niagara Movement – HISTORY

Niagara Movement HISTORY

In 1905, a group of prominent black intellectuals led by WEB Du Bois gathered in Erie, Ontario, near Niagara Falls, to form an organization demanding the civil and political rights of African Americans. With its comparatively aggressive approach to combating racial discrimination and segregation, the Niagara Movement served as a precursor to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the civil rights movement.

Niagara Movement Foundation

At the turn of the 20th century, the promises of the 14th and 15th Amendments – the civil rights of African Americans – were woefully insufficient. Reconstruction had failed and the Supreme Court sanctioned Jim Crow’s segregationist policies by Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896).

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