Martin Luther Posts His 95 Theses

On October 31, 1517, legend has it that the priest and scholar Martin Luther approached the door of the castle church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nailed there a piece of paper containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Reformation. protestant.

In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly the papal practice of asking for payment – called “indulgences” – for the forgiveness of sins. At the time, a Dominican priest named Johann Tetzel, commissioned by the Archbishop of Mainz and Pope Leo X, was in the midst of a major fundraising campaign in Germany to fund the renovation of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Although Prince Frederick III the Wise banned the sale of indulgences in Wittenberg, many church members have come to buy them. When they returned, they showed the pardons they had bought from Luther, claiming that they no longer had to repent for their sins.

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