How To Cook Octopus

Octopus is a popular seafood item known for its unique texture and flavor. Many people shy away from cooking it due to a lack of knowledge about how to prepare it properly. If you are also one of them, worry no more! In this article, we will guide you through the process of cooking octopus and share some tips to get the best results.

Before we dive into the recipe, let’s briefly discuss the types of octopus available and the best ways to select them.

Types of Octopus

There are over 300 species of octopus, but only a few are commonly used for culinary purposes. The most popular ones are the common octopus, the giant Pacific octopus, and the Mediterranean octopus.

The common octopus is known for its tender and flavorful meat. It is usually found in the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the eastern Pacific Ocean.

The giant Pacific octopus is the largest of all the octopus species. It can grow up to 14 feet in length and weigh around 100 pounds. It is mostly found in the waters of the Pacific Northwest.

The Mediterranean octopus is smaller than the common octopus, but it has a delicate flavor. It is commonly found in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea.

How to Choose Good Quality Octopus

When selecting octopus, look for the ones with shiny skin and bright colors. It is vital to check if the octopus is fresh or frozen. If you are purchasing it from a fish market, make sure that it was caught not more than 2 days ago and tightly wrapped in plastic.

If you are purchasing octopus from a frozen section, look for octopus that has been vacuum-sealed to lock in freshness. It is also essential to check the label for the production and expiration dates.

The following section will provide a step-by-step guide on how to cook octopus.


1. 2 pounds of octopus (fresh or frozen)
2. Salt (to taste)
3. 4 cloves of garlic (minced)
4. 1 lemon (juiced)
5. 2 tablespoons of olive oil
6. 1 tablespoon of smoked paprika
7. 1 teaspoon of black pepper


1. If you are using fresh octopus, start by cleaning it properly. Remove the head and ink sac, and rinse the octopus under cold running water.

2. If you are using frozen octopus, thaw it in the refrigerator overnight.

3. In a large pot, bring water to a boil and add salt. Place the octopus in the boiling water, and reduce the heat to low.

4. Let the octopus cook for 45-60 minutes or until it is tender. You can check the tenderness by poking a knife in the thickest part of the octopus.

5. Once the octopus is cooked, remove it from the pot and let it cool for a few minutes.

6. Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C).

7. In a bowl, mix garlic, lemon juice, olive oil, smoked paprika, and black pepper.

8. Cut the octopus into small pieces, and place them in a baking dish.

9. Pour the garlic and paprika mixture over the octopus, and marinate it for 10-15 minutes.

10. Once the oven is heated, place the baking dish in it and let it cook for 15-20 minutes.

11. Once done, remove the dish from the oven and let it cool for a few minutes before serving.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I grill octopus instead of baking it?

Yes, you can grill octopus instead of baking it. Brush it with olive oil and grill it on medium-high heat for 2-3 minutes on each side.

2. How long can I store cooked octopus in the refrigerator?

Cooked octopus can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 3 days. It is essential to store it in an airtight container to prevent contamination.

3. Can I cook frozen octopus without thawing it first?

Yes, you can cook frozen octopus without thawing it first. However, it will take longer to cook because the frozen octopus will increase the cooking time.

4. Can I use octopus ink for cooking?

Yes, octopus ink can be used for cooking. It is commonly used to add color and flavor to pasta dishes. However, it is essential to use it sparingly as it has a strong and distinct flavor.


Octopus can be a delicious and healthy addition to your diet if cooked properly. By following the instructions mentioned above, you can create a savory octopus dish that is sure to impress your guests. Remember to select fresh octopus and store it properly to ensure the best results. We hope you found this guide helpful and feel confident enough to cook octopus at home.

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