How the WWII Tehran Conference Tested the Unity of the ‘Big Three’ Allies

For four days in November-December 1943, as the Second World War raged, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin met in secret in the Iranian capital of Tehran. Called Eureka, the Tehran Conference was the first time that the three Allied leaders were face to face. Churchill may have exaggerated only slightly by saying that he “probably represented the greatest concentration of worldly power ever seen in the history of humanity”.

Expectations for the conference were high on all sides. His goal was not only to agree on a strategy to crush the Axis powers of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, but to decide what the post-war world should look like – assuming, of course, that the Allies really won. It was a lot to accomplish during their brief period together, especially since none of the three men fully trusted the other two. But they knew all the stakes. Not to go beyond their differences could easily prolong the war or, even worse, put Adolf Hitler and Emperor Hirohito on the road to victory.

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