How the Warren Court Expanded Civil Rights in America

When Earl Warren was sworn in as the 14th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court on October 4, 1953, the United States was on the brink of transition. The civil rights movement had not officially begun, but members of marginalized groups were already mobilizing for racial and economic justice.

In the 1940s, the Armed Forces and Major League Baseball were desegregated, and civil rights activists began to challenge segregation in interstate travel and dining establishments. The Chinese Exclusion Act, which denied Chinese workers citizenship and immigration privileges, was repealed after it went into effect in 1882. And Fred Korematsu defended his civil liberties, defying federal orders ordering Americans of Japanese descent to settle in internment camps after the 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. . As men served in the military during World War II, women entered the workforce in greater numbers and wanted more job opportunities after it ended.

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