How Hernán Cortés Conquered the Aztec Empire

The Aztec Empire, the dominant power in Mesoamerica in the 15th and early 16th centuries, controlled a capital that was one of the largest in the world. Itzcoatl, appointed leader of the Aztec / Mexican people in 1427, negotiated what became the Triple Alliance – a powerful political union of the city-states of Mexico-Tenochtitlán, Tetzcoco, and Tlacopán. As this alliance grew stronger between 1428 and 1430, it strengthened the leadership of the Aztecs, making them the dominant Nahua group in a land mass that covered central Mexico and extended into modern Guatemala.

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