Hiroshima, Then Nagasaki: Why the US Deployed the Second A-Bomb

Hiroshima, Then Nagasaki: Why the US Deployed the Second A-Bomb

Ever since America dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan on August 9, 1945, the question has persisted: Was this magnitude of death and destruction really necessary to end WWII?

US leaders apparently thought so. A few days earlier, just 16 hours after the American B-29 bomber Enola Gay shocked the world by dropping the first A-bomb known as the “Little Boy” on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, the White House issued a statement from President Harry S. Truman.

In addition to introducing the world to the hitherto top-secret atomic research program known as the Manhattan Project, Truman doubled down on the threat nuclear weapons pose to Japan, America’s only remaining adversary in the war. . If the Japanese did not accept the terms of unconditional surrender drafted by the Allied leaders in the Potsdam Declaration, Truman wrote, “they can expect a downpour of ruin from the air, which we never have. seen the same on this earth. ”

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