Extreme E teams will field one female and one male driver during the races, when the new climate-conscious racing competition starts in 2021.
The series said it wanted to promote “gender equality and a level playing field” within motorsport.
The last woman to compete in a Formula 1 race was Lella Lombardi in 1976.
“It’s a giant leap. I can’t wait to do this for my entire racing career,” said sports car driver Katherine Legge.
The all-electric off-road series is slated to run in remote locations around the world to raise public awareness of climate change and will be streamed live via the BBC.
Motorsport’s governing body, the FIA, has launched several initiatives to increase women’s participation at grassroots level and beyond, such as the Girls On Track karting challenge.
Former rally driver Michele Mouton, now president of the FIA women’s commission in the motor sports sector, said: “This is a great opportunity for women and men to compete together and against each other with the same material. “
In addition to the law, several women participated joined the Extreme E pilot program, including Jamie Chadwick.
Formula 1 design guru Adrian Newey will be “main visionary” on the Veloce team – one of 12 teams is expected to take part in the series.
The series will host all the teams, scientists and equipment of the RMS St Helena ship, who will sail to each location.
Provisional calendar for Extreme E Season 1 (2021)
January 23-24: Lac Rose, Dakar, Senegal
March 5-6: Al-‘Ula, Saudi Arabia
May 14-15: Kali Gandaki Valley, Mustang district, Nepal
August 28-29: Kangerlussuaq, Greenland
October 30-31: Santarem, Para, Brazil