European Countries List

Europe is the second-smallest continent among the seven continents of the world. It covers an area of about 10.18 million km2 (3.93 million sq mi), that is, about 2% of Earth’s surface. Europe in totality is divided into 50 countries. According to 2021, the total population of Europe is about 745 million which constitutes about 10% of the world population. European culture is at the root of western civilisation. Russia is the largest country in this continent covering about 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population.

Geographical Location of Europe: Europe is located in the northern hemisphere and eastern hemisphere. It is bounded by the Arctic Ocean in the north, the Atlantic Ocean to its west, the Mediterranean Sea in the south and Asia to its east. Europe is commonly segregated from Asia by the watershed of the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian Sea, the Greater Caucasus, the Black Sea and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.

Important Facts about Europe: Some of the important facts about Europe are-

  • Europe is the second smallest continent.
  • Europe has the world’s smallest country, Vatican City.
  • The continent of Europe has 50 countries.
  • The country with the biggest population in Europe is Russia.
  • Europe is home to the world’s largest Church, St. Peter’s Basilica.
  • Christianity is the biggest religion in Europe.

List of European Countries & its Capital

Europe one of the smaller parts of the Eurasian plate is the 2nd smallest continent in the world. Europe has about a total of 44 countries as per the United Nations, and around 50 countries are a part of the state. Here is the list of countries and their capital and currency.

List of European Countries & their Capital
European Countries Capital
Denmark Copenhagen
Sweden Stockholm
Finland Helsinki
Norway Oslo
Iceland Reykjavik
Kosovo Pristina
Slovenia Ljubljana
Albania Tirana
Croatia Zagreb
North Macedonia Skopje
Bulgaria Sofia
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Montenegro Podgorica
Serbia Belgrade
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Austria Vienna
Germany Berlin
Belgium Brussels
France Paris
Italy Rome
Greece Athens
Ireland Dublin
Malta Valletta
Liechtenstein Vaduz
Luxembourg Luxembourg
Portugal Lisbon
Monaco No official capital
Netherlands Amsterdam
Switzerland Bern
San Marino San Marino
Spain Madrid
United Kingdom London
Turkey Ankara
Azerbaijan Baku
Belarus Minsk
Serbia Belgrade
Slovakia Bratislava
Ukraine Kiev
Poland Warsaw
Republic of Moldova Kishinev
Russia Moscow
Czech Republic Prague
Estonia Tallinn
Georgia Tbilisi
Hungary Budapest
Latvia Riga
Lithuania Vilnius
Armenia Yerevan

Top 10 European Countries in Terms of Area

With a total area of 10,186,000 km² Europe is actually a smaller continent than every other continent. However, it is also one of the most densely populated and contains at least 50 countries (depending upon how one counts) as well as several dependent territories. Here is the list of the Top 10 European countries in terms of Area.

Top 10 European Countries in Terms of Area
European Countries Area Covered
Russia 17,098,246 km²
Ukraine 603,500 km²
France 543,940 km²
Spain 505,992 km²
Sweden 450,295 km²
Germany 357,114 km²
Finland 338,425 km²
Norway 323,802 km²
Poland 312,696 km²
Italy 301,339 km²

Top 10 European Countries By Population

Here is the list of the Top 10 European countries by population are-

Top 10 European Countries By Population
European Countries Population
Russia 144,373,540
Germany 83,132,800
France 67,059,890
United Kingdom 66,834,400
Italy 60,297,400
Spain 47,076,780
Ukraine 44,385,150
Poland 37,970,870
Romania 19,356,540
The Netherlands 17,332,850

By Arumugam

Ganesan Arumugam is a seasoned journalist with a passion for uncovering stories that resonate with readers worldwide. With a keen eye for detail and a commitment to journalistic integrity, Ganesan has contributed to the media landscape for over a decade, covering a diverse range of topics including politics, technology, culture, and human interest stories.