English Grammar, Learn Grammar Rules and All Topics

English Grammar in simple words could be described as a “Reflection of the English language”. Language started with sounds which transformed into words, phrases and sentences. The sum-up of the complete knowledge and understandability of language is known as Grammar. To learn a language, learning Grammar is not required but to understand the language efficiently, the knowledge of Grammar is quite important. In this article, we will be helping the students to learn, understand, and execute English Grammar in their daily routine.

English Grammar

English Grammar is the foundation for all of our writing and speaking skills in the English language. The first topic to understand English Grammar is Parts of Speech that has been taught at the school level at the beginning of the English language learning process. In English Grammar, some Parts of Speech can perform the functions of other parts of speech too. English Grammar is not always easy to understand, but with the details in the article, you should be able to understand the rules of English usage and speak or write English with confidence.

English Grammar Topics

The students must have a solid foundation and strong command of English Grammar to make themselves fluent in the language. Below are some components and topics of English Grammar that are important to learn about grammar more efficiently.

Elements of English Grammar

English Grammar Topics
S No.TopicsDefinition
1Parts of SpeechParts of Speech can be defined as words that execute different roles in a sentence.
2NounNaming words are called nouns.
Types- Proper Noun, Collective Noun, Common Noun, Abstract Noun, Material Noun, Concrete Noun, Countable Noun, Uncountable Noun
3PronounA Pronoun is a word that we use as a replacement for a noun in a sentence to avoid the repetition of a noun.
Types- Possessive Pronoun, Reflexive Pronoun, Relative Pronoun, Personal Pronoun
4VerbA verb is a word or group of words that is used in a sentence to indicate that something happens or exists.
Types- Auxiliary Verbs, Mains Verbs, Transitive & Intransitive Verbs
5AdverbAdverb of Manner and Quality, Adverb of Place, Adverb of Time, Adverb of Quantity and Range, Adverb of Number and Frequency, etc.
6AdjectiveA word that modifies a noun or noun phrase and describes its referent.
There are a total of 8 types of Adjectives
7PrepositionA Preposition is the word or group of words used before or after the nouns and pronouns in a sentence to establish a
a meaningful relationship between the words.
8ConjunctionThe conjunction is a word that we use to make connections in a sentence.
9InterjectionsA word or phrase that is grammatically independent from the words around it, and mainly expresses feeling rather than meaning.
10One Word SubstitutionOne-Word Substitution refers to those types of questions where a sentence or a phrase is simply replaced by a word that
describes the whole sentence.
11Types of SentencesA sentence is defined as a group of words containing a subject and a verb expressing the complete sense of a statement, or a question.
12PunctuationPunctuation is not part of oral grammar, but it is essential to master written English.
13TensesIn English grammar, tense is a category that expresses time reference.
14ArticlesAn article is a short monosyllabic word that is used to define if the noun is specific or not.
15Phrasal Verbsa verb that is combined with an adverb or a preposition, or sometimes both, to give a new meaning.
16Idioms and Phrasesan expression whose meaning is different from the meanings of the individual words in it.
17DeterminersDeterminers are used in front of nouns to identify things (this book, my sister).
18QuantifiersQuantifiers are used in front of nouns to say how much or how many (a few people, a lot of problems).
19ConnectorsConnectors “connect” phrases, words, or clauses to one another.
20SpeechWhen we report what someone says, we can cite the person directly or indirectly.
21PossessivesPossessives are forms that we use to talk about possessions and relationships between things and people.
22Clauses A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a predicate.
23Subject and Predicate
24Opposite Words
25Letter Writing
26Notice Writing
27Email Writing
28Article Writing
29Active and Passive Voice
30Direct and Indirect Speech

English Grammar Rules

Although there are hundreds of different grammar rules in English, the important ones to be remembered are discussed below. Before understanding English Grammar, you must be aware of some simple rules and tips to help you avoid mistakes in English grammar.

1. Punctuation is the basic factor to be considered when learning English Grammar. A sentence must always start with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark as per the sense of the sentence.

2. In every sentence, a subject & verb are mandatory while an object can be optional. The pattern of any sentence follows the order Subject-Verb-Object, however, in negative sentences the order may be different.

3. As per the rules of English Grammar, Adjectives come before a noun unless a verb separates the adjective from the noun in a sentence.

4. A singular subject needs a singular verb and a plural subject needs a plural verb.

5. As per English Grammar when in a sentence, two singular subjects are connected by or, use a singular verb. The same goes with the use of either/or and neither/nor.

6. There is a difference between the use of ‘its/it’s’, your/you’re, and there/ their/they’re having different meanings in the sentence.

7. A proper noun is a “name” of something and the first alphabet of the proper noun should be written in capital letters.

8. In English Grammar, many or few are used with countable nouns and much/a lot or little is used for uncountable nouns

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