Crimean War – Summary, Facts & Causes

The Crimean War (1853-1856) was a brutal conflict that took its name from the Crimean Peninsula on the Black Sea. The war, which claimed an estimated 650,000 lives, pitted Britain, France, Turkey and Sardinia against Russia, whose ruler, Tsar Nicholas I, was trying to extend his influence over the Middle East. and the Eastern Mediterranean at the expense of the declining Ottoman Empire. . The British and French, in turn, viewed Nicholas’ takeover as a danger to their trade routes and were determined to stop it.

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