Located 200 kilometers west of Cancún, chichen itza One of the best preserved archaeological sites in Mexico. Itza is the name of the ethnic-descendant community that ruled the northern peninsula of Mexico before the Spanish conquest. The name Chichen Itza means “at the edge of the well of Itza”. About 1.2 million people visit the ruins of Chichen Itza every year. Chichen Itza is an archeological site rich in history as well as various designs and styles that are typical of the Central Mexican, Chaines and Puc styles. The pyramid structure is extraordinary for its design as well as its calendar construction. It is somewhat of a mystery as to how the serpentine shadow falls on the pyramid twice a year.

Interesting facts about Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza Chichen-Itza Mexico MayanChichen Itza Chichen-Itza Mexico Mayan


The pre-Columbian Maya civilization developed it between the ninth and twelfth centuries. He used it as an observatory to demonstrate astronomical phenomena. It is an imposed development being built upon another. From the highest point of the building, they could see the sky above the vegetation without obstruction. Most of the sites at Chichen Itza are associated with strange sounds. When you clap once at one end of the ball court, it echoes nine times in the center of the court. Additionally, clapping in front of the Kukulkan Pyramid produces an echo matching the chirping of birds.

8 places to visit near Chichen Itza

The mix of monuments of scale and the mysteriously precise astronomical calculations in the constructions make Chichen Itza truly a wonderful place to visit. Here are 8 sites you must see during your visit to Chichen Itza:

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1. Chakmoul of the Northern Ruins

Chacmools of the Northern RuinsChacmools of the Northern Ruins


Here you will be surprised to see the statues of crouching figures holding divine vessels in their hands and on the other hand, they act as guards of the temple. Other iconic Toltec sculptures are Los Atlantes, stone carvings of knights supporting the site’s sanctuary altars and roofs. You will also see numerous references to the Kukulkan, the winged serpent, along with photographs of seizures and battles.

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2. Temple of Skulls

skull templeskull temple


On one side of the ball court, there is Tzompantli – the Temple of the Skull. The word is Maya but apparently derived from the Post-Classic urban areas of central Mexico. Here see rows of carved skulls on a stone platform. When a sacrificed person was beheaded, it was impaled on a pole with a spear and displayed with the others in an orderly line.

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3. Pyramid of Kukulkan

Pyramids in Mexico Mexico Pyramid Chichen ItzaPyramids in Mexico Mexico Pyramid Chichen Itza


The Pyramid of Kukulcán, otherwise known as El Castillo, was installed in a pre-existing sanctuary between 800 and 900 AD. It is the tallest pyramid at Chichen Itza. The mathematical and brilliant artistic design mixed with the Earth’s natural rotation creates a stunning and quite shocking image of a Goliath snake slithering into the temple. For five hours a light and shadow illusion forms seven triangles on the sides of the staircase starting at the top and creeping downwards until it replaces the top step with the giant stone head of a winged serpent at the base. Doesn’t add up.

When you stand at the bottom of the stairs at a specific place and clap, the sound travels up and passes through the chamber at the highest point of the temple and returns a note which is believed to be the sound of a bird with quetzal feathers. You can also watch the light and sound show here at 7 pm in the winter season and at 8 pm in the summer season. In addition, on each equinox this Mayan pyramid arranges a scary ancient light show.

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4. Divine Cenote

divine cenotedivine cenote


The Divine Cenote is a sinkhole connected to Chichen Itza, USA, by an elevated track. There is also a second karst cave in the center of Chichen Itza that was used as a water spring for the inhabitants of Chichen Itza. Use of the sacred cenote was only ceremonial. Over the years, the muddy waters have yielded many antiquities, including gold, copper, jade, turquoise, copal, obsidian, or incense, rubber, pottery, shells, and the bones of approximately 200 individuals who were offered as sacrifices. Was.

5. Nun Building

nun buildingnun building


Archaeologists believe that it was a royal palace for the Maya authority, the nunnery or so-called Edificio de las Monjas, with its spacious rooms, looked like a European nunnery to the conquistadors, so this building was called Found the name. The measurements of the building are impressive: its floor is 60 meters long, 30 meters wide and 20 meters high. The development is Maya rather than Toltec, even though the Toltec reconciliation stone stands in the foreground. A small boundary building to the east, known as La Iglesia, the church, is mainly covered with carvings.

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6. Ball Court

ball courtball court


The ball court at Chichen Itza may once have been the central point of social life in the Maya city. The ball court used to be where the Maya people played their version of a ball game called pitaz. In-depth examination of all the intricate carvings gives some indication of what it might have looked like in the entirety of its former grandeur.
Most historians exploring the stories depicted in inscriptions on the sides of the ball court describe that the captain of the losing team was sacrificed to the gods here for his team’s defeat. Others believe that hostages may have been routinely sacrificed in place of the captain.

7. Hall of Thousand Pillars

hall of thousand pillarshall of thousand pillars


Adjacent to the Temple of the Warriors on its south side is the Hall of the Thousand Columns or Grupo de las Mil Columns, believed to have served as a meeting place or indoor market. Nearby you can also find other attractions such as a small ball court, Juego de Pelota, Mercado and steam baths.

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8. Tomb of the High Priest

Tomb of the High PriestTomb of the High Priest


Also called the Tumba del Gran Sacerdote, the Tomb of the High Priest presents influences from both Toltec and Puca. The 9-metre (30-ft) pyramid, with stairs depicting feathered snakes on either side, somewhat resembles El Castillo. Below its establishment is an ossuary (a public cemetery) in a natural limestone cave, where offerings and skeletons have been found.

How to reach Chichen Itza

How to reach Chichen ItzaHow to reach Chichen Itza


From Cancún, you can easily get a bus to Chichen Itza. An alternative route is to drive west on Highway 180. Due to regular changes in Mexican roads, you will have to seek assistance from hotel management staff to learn directions. The journey to Chichen Itza is long but full of beautiful views. You will enjoy your ride a lot.

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Once one of the greatest wonders of the world, only the ruins of Chichen Itza remain. The old city was a mix of impressive step pyramids, stone structures, pillared archways and temples. A few hours are enough to see the entire site on your USA trip. Also, one must hire a guide while visiting this site as it would be beneficial to know in detail and explain the significance of each structure during your sightseeing.

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By Arumugam

Ganesan Arumugam is a seasoned journalist with a passion for uncovering stories that resonate with readers worldwide. With a keen eye for detail and a commitment to journalistic integrity, Ganesan has contributed to the media landscape for over a decade, covering a diverse range of topics including politics, technology, culture, and human interest stories.