Charles Cornwallis – HISTORY

Charles Cornwallis was a British Army officer who served as a general during the War of Independence (also known as the American Revolution). He led the British forces to success in New York and Philadelphia before moving to the theater of war to the south in 1780. Despite a crushing defeat at the Battle of Yorktown, Cornwallis enjoyed a famous post-war career , as Governor General of India and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.

Youth and military career

Cornwallis was born on December 31, 1738 in London, England, to an aristocratic family with a distinguished military pedigree. His own military career began in earnest during the Seven Years’ War, when he traveled to Germany and first served as an aide-de-camp on the Marquis de Granby’s staff. He quickly rose through the ranks, becoming a regimental commander in 1761 and receiving a citation for bravery for his performance at the Battle of Vellinghausen.

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