Battle of Midway ends – HISTORY

Battle of Midway ends – HISTORY

On June 7, 1942, the Battle of Midway – one of the most decisive American victories in its war against Japan – ended. During the four-day sea and air battle, the overwhelmed U.S. Pacific fleet managed to destroy four Japanese aircraft carriers by losing only one, the Yorktown, thus reversing the trend against the previously invincible Japanese navy.

In six months of offensives, the Japanese triumphed over the Pacific lands, notably in Malaysia, Singapore, the Dutch East Indies, the Philippines and in many groups of islands. The United States, however, was a growing threat, and Japanese admiral Isoroku Yamamoto sought to destroy the U.S. Pacific fleet before it was large enough to surpass its own. Thousands of miles northwest of Honolulu, the strategic island of Midway became the center of his plan to break American resistance to Japanese imperial designs. Yamamoto’s plan consisted of a feint towards Alaska followed by an invasion of Midway by a Japanese strike force. When the American Pacific fleet arrived at Midway to respond to the invasion, it would be destroyed by the superior Japanese fleet which waited in the west. If successful, the plan would eliminate the U.S. Pacific fleet and provide an advanced outpost from which the Japanese could eliminate any future U.S. threats in the Central Pacific.

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