Asian Countries List, Name, Capitals, Currency and Population

Asian Countries List

Asia is the world’s largest continent in terms of land and population. It occupies an area of about 44,579,000 ²km (17,212,000 sq mi) which is about 30% of Earth’s total land area and 8.7% of Earth’s total surface area. Asia is segregated from Europe by the Ural mountain. The Asian continent has long been home to the majority of the human population. Even the first civilization of the world started in Asia. This continent constitutes roughly 60% of the world’s population.

The geographical location of Asia: Asia is located principally in the northern and eastern hemispheres of the globe. Asia is surrounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. Asia shares a physical border with Europe (a member of the same landmass) through the Ural Mountains and across the Caspian Sea, and it connects to Africa via the Isthmus of Suez.

List of Asian Countries, Capital and Currency

According to United Nations, there is a total of 48 countries in Asian countries. With an area of more than 17 million km², Russia is among the largest country in Asia occupying an area of 13 million km² (77% of Asia). China is the second-largest Asian country with an area of 9.6 million km². The smallest among all the Asian countries is the island nation of Maldives with 298 km². Here is the list of Asian countries with their Capital and Currency.

List of Asian Countries, Capital and Currency
Asian Countries Capital Currency
Afghanistan Kabul Afghan afghani
Armenia Yerevan Armenian dram
Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijani manat
Bahrain Manama Bahraini dinar
Bangladesh Dhaka Take
Bhutan Thimphu Bhutanese ngultrum
Brunei Seri Begawan Town Brunei dollar
Cambodia Phnom Penh Cambodian riel
China Beijing Renminbi (Yuan)
Cyprus Nicosia Euro
Georgia Tbilisi Run away
India New Delhi Indian rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Iranian rial
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar
Israel Jerusalem Israeli new shekel
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan Kazakhstani tenge
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Kyrgyzstani som
Laos Vientiane Lao chicken
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male Maldivian rufiyaa
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolian mountains
Myanmar (formerly Burma) Naypyidaw Kyat
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee
North Korea Pyongyang North Korean won
Oman Muscat Omani rial
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani Rupee
Palestine Jerusalem (East) Palestine pound
Philippines Manila Philippine peso
Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal
Russia (Asia + Europe) Moscow Russian ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Saudi Riyal
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar
South Korea Seoul South Korean won
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Sri Lankan rupee
Syria Damascus Syrian pound
Taiwan (Recognized by 13 UN countries) Taipei New Taiwan dollar
Tajikistan Monday Salmon
Thailand Bangkok Baht
Timor read not US dollar
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Turkmen new manat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi UAE Dirham
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistan as
Vietnam Hanoi Dong
Yemen Occupation Yemeni rial

Top 10 Asian Countries in Terms of Area

As the earth is a dynamic planet its boundaries are continuously changing. About 71% of the earth’s surface is covered with water and the remaining 29% is covered by landmass. In terms of area, Russia is the largest country in Asia with 17,125,000 ²km. The list of top 10 Asian countries in terms of area are-

Top 10 Asian Countries in Terms of Area
Asian Countries Area covered
Russia 17,125,000 ²km
Canada 9,984,670 ²km
China 9,572,900 ²km
United States of America 9,525,067 ²km
Brazil 8,515,767 ²km
Australia 7,692,202 ²km
India 3,166,391 ²km
Argentina 2,780,400 ²km
Kazakhstan 2,724,900 ²km
Algeria 2,381,741 ²km

Top 10 Asian Countries By Population

Asia has the majority of people, it constitutes up to 60% global population. China and India are the two countries which are most populated nations in Asia. In terms of population, China is the largest country in Asia with 1.37 billion population. The top 10 most populous nations are:

Top 10 Asian Countries By Population
Asian Countries Population
China 1.37 billion
India 1.299 billion
Indonesia 255.46 million
Pakistan 191.78 million
Bangladesh 158.76 million
Japan 126.89 million
The Philippines 102.96 million
Vietnam 91.81 million
Iran 78.77 million
Turkey 78.21 million

Asian Countries and Populations

Physiographically, Asian countries are divided into six geographical regions. The six geographical regions of Asian countries are, namely, Northern Asia, Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, and Southeast Asia. Here is the list of Asian countries and Regions with their Population.

Asian Countries and Regions
Regions Asian Countries Populations
Northern Asia Russia (Siberia) 146,085,586
Western Asia Armenia 2,963,243
Azerbaijan 10,139,177
Bahrain 1,701,575
Cyprus 1,207,359
Georgia 3,989,167
Iran 83,992,949
Iraq 40,222,493
Israel 8,655,535
Jordan 10,203,134
Kuwait 4,270,571
Lebanon 6,825,445
Oman 5,106,626
Qatar 2,881,053
Saudi Arabia 34,813,871
State of Palestine 5,101,414
Syria 17,500,658
Turkey 84,339,067
United Arab Emirates 9,890,402
Jordan 10,203,134
Kuwait 4,270,571
Oman 5,106,626
Qatar 2,881,053
Saudi Arabia 34,813,871
State of Palestine 5,101,414
Syria 17,500,658
Turkey 84,339,067
United Arab Emirates 9,890,402
Yemen 29,825,964
Central Asia Kazakhstan 18,776,707
Kyrgyzstan 6,524,195
Tajikistan 9,537,645
Turkmenistan 6,031,200
Uzbekistan 33,469,203
East Asia China 1,439,323,776
China, Hong Kong SAR 7,496,981
China, Macao SAR 649,335
Japan 126,476,461
North Korea 25,778,816
South Korea 51,269,185
Mongolia 3,278,290
Taiwan 23,816,775
South Asia Afghanistan 38,928,346
Bangladesh 164,689,383
Bhutan 771,608
India 1,380,004,385
Maldives 540,544
Nepal 29,136,808
Pakistan 220,892,340
Sri Lanka 21,413,249
Southeast Asia Brunei Darussalam 437,479
Cambodia 16,718,965
Indonesia 273,523,615
Lao PDR 7,275,560
Malaysia 32,365,999
Myanmar (Burma) 54,409,800
Philippines 109,581,078
Singapore 5,850,342
Thailand 69,799,978
Timor-Leste (East Timor) 1,318,445
Vietnam 97,338,579

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